He was born in Málaga, Spain, in 1881. His father was Don José Ruiz Blasco, a painter and art teacher.
Pablo Picasso, became one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century and the creator (with Georges Braque) of Cubism. He also inspired, in the case of Cubism, most of every art movement in the twentieth century.
Picasso's father began teaching him to draw and paint when he was a child, and by the time he was 13 years old, his skill level had surpassed his father's.
In 1897, when he was 16 years old Picasso moved to Madrid to attend the Royal Academy of San Fernando.
In 1899, Picasso moved back to Barcelona and fell in with a crowd of artists and intellectuals who made their headquarters at a café called El Quatre Gats ("The Four Cats"). Inspired by the anarchists and radicals he met there, Picasso made his decisive break from the classical methods in which he had been trained, and began what would become a lifelong process of experimentation and innovation.
From 1900 to 1904, Before, Picasso's painting was in its "Blue Period" which eventually gave way to his "Rose Period" that lasted from 1905 to 1906.
In 1907, his painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon marked the beginning of Cubism.
Picasso spent the next fifteen years seeing what, exactly, could be done with Cubism. He started to put paper and bits of string in a painting, thus inventing the collage. In 1921, The Three Musicians pretty much summed up Cubism for Picasso.
His works between 1918 and 1927 are categorized as part of his "Classical Period," a brief return to Realism in a career otherwise dominated by experimentation.
From 1927 onward, Picasso became caught up in a new philosophical and cultural movement known as Surrealism, the artistic manifestation of which was a product of his own Cubism.
For the rest of his days, no one style could maintain a hold on Picasso. He was famous to use two or more different styles, side by side, Picasso lived long and prospered.
He died on April 8, 1973, at the age of 91, in Mougins, France. His legacy, however, has long endured.