He was one of Chile's best-known painters and a seminal figure in 20th century abstract expressionist and surrealist art.
He lived his adult life outside his homeland and became identified with the international Surrealist movement.
In 1931 Matta completed an architecture degree at the Catholic University in Santiago.
He moved to Paris in 1933 to work for the influential architect Le Corbusier. While working in the architect’s studio, Matta became increasingly interested in painting.
Then his friendships with Gertrude Stein, Marcel Duchamp, Walter Gropius, Salvador Dalí, Federico Garcia Lorca, André Breton, - and others - stimulated his interest in the Surrealist movement, and in 1936 he quit his architecture job.
Rich in psychological ambiguity, his work has contributed to the emergence of existentialism after World War II.
Throughout his life, Matta worked with many different types of media, including ceramic, photography, and video production.
He died in Civitavecchia, Italy on 23 November 2002.
"The Earth Is a Man" By Roberto Matta